and Beatrix Jones (later Farrand) with others founded the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) in 1899. The iterative process of planning, design, and performance assessment by a multidisciplinary team is the basis of landscape engineering. IFLA was founded at Cambridge, England, in 1948 with Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe as its first president, representing 15 countries from Europe and North America. Landscape architecture continues to develop as a design discipline, and to respond to the various movements in architecture and design throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. Ecoscaping prides itself on taking a holistic approach to sustainable land use management.
IFLA was founded at Cambridge, England, in 1948 with Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe as its first president, representing 15 countries from Europe and North America. It is often divided into hardscape design and softscape design. Through the 19th century, urban planning became a more important need.
Later, in 1978, IFLA's Headquarters were established in Versailles. Some scholars consider Downing to be The Father of American Landscape Architecture, although others choose Frederick Law Olmsted. In the second half of the century, Frederick Law Olmsted completed a series of parks which continue to have a huge influence on the practices of Landscape Architecture today. They can also review proposals to authorize and supervise contracts for the construction work. One of the original ten founding members of the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA), and the only woman, was Beatrix Farrand. Roberto Burle Marx in Brazil combined the International style and native Brazilian plants and culture for a new aesthetic. Through the 19th century, urban planning became a more important need. This system became the foundation of today's Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Her numerous private estate projects include the landmark Dumbarton Oaks in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C.. Since that time, other architects — most notably Ruth Havey and Alden Hopkins—changed certain elements of the Farrand design.